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Partial Congruences

Instead of a congruence on the (typically infinite) set of all ground terms we will compute congruences on a given finite set of ground terms. We call these congruences partial congruences; they are simply congruences on a subset of the original set.

Theorem: Let $T$ be a set of ground terms and $s$ a congruence on $T$. Then $CC(s) \cap T^2 = s$ where $CC(s)$ denotes the congruence closure of $s$.


Show $C^i(s) \cap T^2 = s$ for all $i \ge 0$.

Proof End.

When checking a formula we compute congruences on a finite set of terms that occur in the formula.

We apply the congruence condition only to terms that already exist in the set, using congruence condition: \[ \begin{array}{l}

 \forall x_1,\ldots,x_n,y_1,\ldots,y_n. \bigwedge_{i=1}^n (x_i,y_i) \in r\ \land \ f(x_1,\ldots,x_n) \in T \land f(y_1,\ldots,y_n) \in T  \rightarrow \\ 
  (f(x_1,\ldots,x_n),f(y_1,\ldots,y_n)) \in r